Semester IV

Section-III: Carbon Nanostructures and Applications of Nanotechnology (24 L for teaching + 6 lect. tutorials), 2.0 Credit

Section-II: Analysis of body fluid (24 L for teaching + 6 lect. tutorials), 2.0 Credit

Section-I : Analysis of fertilizers, soap and detergents, and waste water (24 L for teaching + 6 lect. tutorials), 2.0 Credit

Section II (24 L for teaching + 6 lect. tutorials), 2.0 Credit

Section I (24 L for teaching + 6 lect. tutorials), 2.0 Credit

Electron spectroscopy: (6 L, Rfe-1, Ref-6) Introduction, principle of ESCA, electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis, ESCA satellite peaks, spectral splitting, ESCA chemical shifts, Apparatus used for ESCA, X-ray source, samples, Analyzers, Detectors, Chemical analysis using ESCA, Applications, Auger electron microscopy, Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy. 2 X- ray Methods of Analysis: (10 L, Ref-1 and Ref-6) Principle, Theory- X-ray spectral lines, X-ray tube, X-ray emission, Absorptive apparatus: Sources, Collimation, sample handling, wavelength dispersive devices, Energy dispersive devices, detectors, readout device, Chemical analysis using X-ray absorption, X-ray Fluorescence- instrumentation and chemical analysis, X-ray Diffraction, Chemical analysis with X-ray diffraction, numerical problems. 3 An Introduction to Microscopy (surface characterization techniques): (8 L, Ref. 8 and Ref-6) Limitations of the Human Eye, the X-ray Microscope, The Transmission Electron Microscope, The Scanning Electron Microscope, Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope, Analytical Electron Microscopy, Scanning-Probe Microscopes, the transmission electron microscope

Section-II: Food Analysis (24 L for teaching + 6 lect. tutorials), 2.0 Credit

Sec-I: Analytical Toxicology (24 L for teaching + 6 lect. tutorials), 2.0 Credit